Anonymous (2011)



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Titolo originale: Anonymous–>
Genere: Drammatico, Thriller–>
Durata: 130–>
Nazione: UK, Germany–>
Regia:
  • Roland Emmerich

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Scritto da:

  • John Orloff

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Produzione:

  • Roland Emmerich (regista)
  • Volker Engel (produttore esecutivo)
  • Christoph Fisser (co-produttore)
  • Larry J. Franco (regista – nel ruolo di Larry Franco)
  • Robert Leger (regista)
  • Marcus Loges (produttore tecnico)
  • Henning Molfenter (co-produttore)
  • John Orloff (produttore esecutivo)
  • Marc Weigert (produttore esecutivo)
  • Kirstin Winkler (co-produttore)
  • Charlie Woebcken (co-produttore)

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Musiche:

  • Harald Kloser
  • Thomas Wanker

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Trama del film:(non disponibile)–>



  
 
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1 Comment

  1.  

    classicalsteve said

    February 23 2012 @ 00:49

    About 300 years after the publication of the first collected works of
    Shakespeare, the so-called First Folio (1623), a schoolmaster named J.
    Thomas Looney (pronounced "loanee") facilitated his students in
    readings of the Shakespeare plays, particularly "the Merchant of
    Venice". Over the years while watching the plays, hearing their
    rhetoric, and absorbing this remarkable voice whose Elizabethan
    presence is still revered and studied today, Looney became convinced
    the man from Stratford who is attributed to having written the plays
    (the Orthodox View), was not the true author. He came to believe the
    name "William Shakespeare" which appeared on two published poems, the
    later quartos and the First Folio was in reality a pseudonym for
    someone else, possibly a nobleman. Previously, those who questioned the
    Orthodox View, sometimes called Anti-Stratfordians, had proposed others
    of the Elizebethan Age, such as Sir Francis Bacon and Christopher
    Marlowe, but Looney was convinced the true author was someone never
    before put forth since Shakespearian scholarship began in the 18th
    century. Shakespeare has and still does remain shrouded in mystery.

    Because Shakespeare biographical detail has been sketchy at best,
    Looney developed a profile similar to those used by detectives to paint
    a picture of his candidate, based on elements in the plays. He
    determined the writer was a nobleman, a Falconer, possibly sympathetic
    to the Lancastrian side of the Wars of the Roses, and someone who loved
    Italy and Italian culture. And, most important of all, that he was a
    poet who possibly had written poems and/or plays under his own name
    before going under the name of William Shakespeare. After finding a
    number of primary sources at the British Library, he came up with his
    findings. Looney proposed a somewhat forgotten nobleman named Edward de
    Vere, the 17th Earl of Oxford, as being the true identity of the
    poet/playwright William Shakespeare in a book called simply
    "Shakespeare Identified".

    "Anonymous" is a film based on Looney's original notion that Edward de
    Vere, the 17th Earl of Oxford, penned the plays which would become the
    greatest literary canon of the English language. The events surrounding
    the plays, their performances, Oxford's conscious willingness to stay
    behind the scenes, and the attribution of the plays to the man from
    Stratford, a businessman who had little or no experience in theatre,
    are all dramatized in a period film which takes you back to the world
    of the Elizabethan Stage. One of the best aspects of "Anonymous" is how
    it relates the plays to political rhetoric of the period. In recent
    years, Shakespearian scholars have proposed that many figures of the
    Elizabethan Court were satirized in the plays, such as William Cecil
    and his son Robert Cecil. The links between the plays and contemporary
    politics are brought to the fore much more directly than in
    "Shakespeare in Love".

    Character actor Rhys Ifans offers an Oscar-caliber performance as the
    man who some believe was the real Shakespeare. Ifans finds that
    delicate balance between the remarkable artist and the troubled
    nobleman who could not reconcile the two worlds of his life. If
    Shakespeare was in fact a nobleman who went under a pseudonym, many of
    the events portrayed in "Anonymous" are plausible. Unlike today,
    playwrights and poets lived on the periphery of society, and a nobleman
    of the rank of Oxford writing plays containing charged political
    rhetoric would have been scandalous, hence the Shakespeare-Oxford
    theory.

    The hero of the movie is actually his colleague Ben Johnson, the
    Elizabethan playwright who has always dwelt under the shadow of
    Shakespeare, especially in modern times. Johnson would have been the
    greatest playwright of his age if Shakespeare had not been writing. In
    this story, he becomes the guardian of the Shakespeare plays, and
    supposedly the man who saves the canon for posterity. Johnson in fact
    wrote the preface to the First Folio of 1623. If there had been a
    cover-up of Shakespeare's true identity, Johnson would have known.

    While the film bases many of its embellishments on facts known about
    Edward de Vere, the film does take a few rather implausible historical
    licenses, not unlike Amadeus which appeared about 25 years ago. Edward
    de Vere may have flirted with Queen Elizabeth when he was younger, but
    whether they bore a child does seem quite fantastic. Later in the film,
    an extraordinary truth about Oxford's own heritage is revealed.
    However, films have to tell a story, and some licenses are made in
    order the story remain interesting and compelling. Shakespeare in many
    of his plays bent history to fulfill his dramatic goals and theatrical
    visions.

    Many Shakespeare enthusiasts not only dismiss the Oxfordian argument
    but do not approve of the subject altogether. Some Stratfordians' view
    is that there is no "authorship question" and that any attempt to
    discredit the man from Stratford does a disservice to Shakespare. I
    think "Anonymous" is not so much about changing minds but about
    bringing the question out into the open. Regardless on which side of
    the fence you may be, there are a lot of questions concerning the life
    of Shakespeare. Answers to mundane questions, such as primary sources
    concerning his composing, are strangely absent. No one seems to have
    mentioned Stratford being any kind of a poet, playwright or actor in
    Stratford. However, as shown in the film, primary source evidence
    survives which speaks of Edward de Vere as an adolescent putting on a
    short play for the young Queen Elizabeth.

    So the film brings us back to the fundamental question: did Oxford
    write the Shakespeare Canon or was it the man from Stratford? Primary
    source evidence is sparse, and documents which could have shed light on
    this problem may have perished in the Great Fire of London in 1666. In
    short, we may never know. But Oxford's star is on the rise, and in
    years to come, this may be the first film to acknowledge there is
    indeed a question. Whether it has been answered is up to each viewer.

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